Electricity is such a big part of our lives. Without electricity, we wouldn’t be able to use computers, watch TV, light up our rooms, or do countless other things. Those telephone poles with wires streaming throughout the neighborhood that you see every day are carrying electricity from house to house. Every day, electricity is a huge part of our lives.
Electricity for kids might seem like a very mysterious thing. After all, electricity has been part of kids’ lives for so long, it is hard to imagine a time before electricity existed! So, we know that we need electricity to power our homes, cell phones, TVs and lamps, but what exactly is electricity?
The attraction of particles (particles are tiny, microscopic objects) with opposite charges and the repulsion of particles with the same charge is electricity. This is the definition of electricity, but the definition alone does not truly help a kid understand electricity. Experiments and projects are the way to go when it comes to understanding electricity. To understand the idea of static electricity, the famous balloon experiment is often used in classrooms.
Teachers have used this experiment for decades as a fun, educational way to teach kids about how static electricity works. The experiment is pretty simple. The teacher asks the students to rub a balloon against their hair about ten times. The teacher will ask the students to then slowly remove the balloon from their hair. The students then place the balloon on a wall, and shockingly, the balloon sticks to the wall like a magnet.
This happens because the static electricity created from rubbing the balloon against hair is unable to discharge itself. The student will then discover that the balloon is stuck to the wall!
Why did the balloon stick to the wall? It’s electricity. Rubbing the balloons against your hair created static electricity. Your hair is positively charged. The balloon is negatively charged. The balloon and your hair have opposite charges. Remember, a part of electricity is the attraction of particles with opposite charges. In this experiment, the two particles were your hair and the balloon.
When you begin rubbing your hair against the balloon, your hair starts to get attracted to the negatively charged balloon. This caused the area you rubbed your hair against the balloon to be positively charged. That is why you were able to stick the balloon to the wall. These two opposites attract.
If a kid wants to learn more about electricity, many fun science books are available for them to read. These books explain electricity for kids in ways they can understand. A fun book about electricity for kids is the popular Magic School Bus And The Electric Field Trip book.
This book combines the world of fantasy with the world of science. The facts about electricity are explained in a fun way for kids to understand. This book, along with the fun balloon experiment, can help kids see that electricity is not a mysterious thing at all.